When it comes to high-temperature applications, the choice between Waspaloy and Inconel is often a matter of debate. Both are exceptional materials, but each has its own set of strengths and weaknesses. This article aims to provide a detailed comparison of Waspaloy vs Inconel, shedding light on their composition, properties, and use cases.
Introduction to High-Temperature Nickel-Based Alloys
High-temperature nickel-based alloys are highly sought after due to their exceptional properties. These alloys typically fall into various grades, each offering unique characteristics. Some of the popular types include Nickel 200, Inconel, Monel, Hastelloy, and Waspaloy.
The Inconel family, for example, includes grades such as Inconel 600, 625, 718, 800H/HT, and 825. Monel has grades like Monel 400, R405, and K500, while Hastelloy has varieties like Hastelloy C-276, X, and C22.
However, these materials come at a premium due to their high nickel content. Nickel, being an expensive element, significantly impacts the cost of these alloys. In this article, we will focus on two specific alloys – Waspaloy and Inconel – and delve into their differences.
Waspaloy vs Inconel: A Comparison
Waspaloy and Inconel are both high-performance alloys suitable for extreme environments. However, they differ in composition, strength, temperature resistance, and other aspects.
Waspaloy is an alloy of nickel, cobalt, chromium, and molybdenum. On the other hand, Inconel is an alloy of nickel, chromium, iron, and molybdenum. These difference in composition lead to different properties when these metals are exposed to different conditions.
Strength and Temperature Resistance
In terms of strength, Inconel 718 has an edge over Waspaloy. It offers 210 ksi (ultimate tensile strength) and 175 ksi yield, compared to a Waspaloy bolt which can handle 193 ksi (UTS) and 132 ksi yield.
However, Waspaloy is more temperature resistant. Inconel 718’s maximum temperature usage is 1300F, whereas Waspaloy can be used up to 1600F. This makes Waspaloy a preferred choice for applications requiring higher temperature resistance.
The melting points of these two alloys also vary significantly. Waspaloy has a melting point of 1375°C (2510°F), while Inconel has a melting point of 1413°C (2575°F). This difference means that Waspaloy must be heated more rapidly than Inconel to reach its melting point.
Inconel is more resistant to corrosion than Waspaloy, thanks to its higher chromium content. It retains its strength even after exposure to extremely high temperatures, whereas Waspaloy loses strength at temperatures over 1000℃ (1832℉).
Waspaloy is widely used in aerospace applications due to its high strength and corrosion resistance, whereas Inconel is typically used in chemical processing applications.
Table: Waspaloy vs Inconel
|Nickel, cobalt, chromium, molybdenum
|Nickel, chromium, iron, molybdenum
|Ultimate Tensile Strength (UTS)
|Max Temperature Usage
In the battle of Waspaloy vs Inconel, the choice ultimately depends on the specific requirements of the application. Both alloys offer exceptional properties, making them suitable for extreme environments. However, by understanding their differences in composition, strength, temperature resistance, and usage, you can make an informed decision on which alloy best suits your needs.